# The Ancient Creators of Maths

As for the scientists , maths’ roots come from the idea of counting. If we look at the remnants , mankind has been able to measure and record things since upper paleolithic era and probably , Ishango (B.C. 20.000) and Lebombo Bones (B.C. 35.000) are the first remnants which I’ve had never heard. Lebombo bone was found in the area of Border cave in Swaziland’s Lebombo mountain and Ishango bone was found in layers of volcanic ashes on the shores of Lake Edward in the Ishango region in DRC , near the border with Uganda by the Belgian geologist named Jean de Heinzelin de Braucourt. As for the passages , the Ishango bones are two bones of baboon , 10 to 14 cm long with several incisions on each faces. There are 3 colums ; the left , the right and the central column. The left column’s notches’ sum is 60 and divided into 4 groups. The right columns’ sum is 60 too and divided into 4 groups , just like the the left column but their groups’ notches are totally different. For instance ,the left one goes like 19 , 17 , 13 and 11. However , the right one goes like 9,19,21 and 11. The central column divided into 8 groups , utterly different from the right and the left and the incisions goes like (the notches’ sum is not definite) 7,5,5,10,8,4,6 and 3 so, the sum is 48 but it may be 63. The notches on the Ishango bones may have a mathematical meaning as the numbers are in order but they may be random to hold them comfortably. For some scientists , these incisions are for some simple computation. One of them , Alexander Marshack , proposed that it may be the oldest lunar calendar. Another Scientist named Claudia Zaslavsky , stated that it must have been used for to calculate menstrual cycle. To make these more clear , I would like to share the pictures of them: